Laos hotels and travel information - Vientiane and Luang Prabang guesthouses
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Laos history and travel information

Laos History ••
Laos history and travel

Stone tool discovered in Huaphan and Luang Prabang province attest the presence of prehistoric man in its stage of hunters and gatherers over the Lao territory since at least 40,000 years ago. Agriculturist seemed to appear during the 4th millennia BC as evidences have been found by archeologists-jar burials and other kinds of sepulchers have revealed a complex society in which Bronze objects appeared around 1500 BC and in iron tools were known since 700 BC the proto historic period characterized by contacts with Chinese and Indian civilizations. As a result between the fourth and eighth century.

Between the fourth communities along the Mekong River began to from into townships, so-called Muang. This development culminated in the formation of the Lane Xang (million elephants) kingdom in 1353 by king FaNgum and established Xieng Thong now know as Luang Prabang to capital of Lane Xang Kingdom.

King Setthathirat (1548-1571)The Kingdom was further expended by his successors, one of most notable being king Setthathirat who ruled from 1548-1571. He moved the capital to Vientiane and built That Luang Stupa, a venerated religious shrine and a temple to house the Phra Kao, the Emerald Buddha.

In the seventeenth century, under the reign of King Souriyavongsa, the Lane Xuang Kingdom enters its most illustrious era. The country established first contacts with Europeans. In 1641, a Dutch merchant of the East India Company, Grett Van Wuysthoff, and letter, the Titian missionaries Lera de Marini visited the Kingdom of Lane Xang and described Vientiane as the most magnificent city of Southeast Asia.

After this golden age a palatial intrigue followed by fighting for the throne led the break-up to Lane Xang into the three Kingdoms of Vientiane, Luang Prabang and champassack which weakened or of them and created opportunities for few foreign aggressors to invade.
The unsuccessful challenge of the Siamese by King Anouvong resulted in the virtual destruction of Vientiane. The Siamese look at the Emerald Buddha to Bangkok where it remains today.

Laos was put under the French administration in 1893. To recover its full rights and its sovereignty. The Laos people started fighting against the French regime. Under the leadership of the communist Party of Indochina (founded in 1930). The struggle for the self-determination and independence of Laos, Vientiane& Cambodia culminated this long period of military and political upheaval

The situation worsened during the Vietnam War although the Geneva accord of 1962 had recognized the neutrality of Laos and forbade the presence of all foreign military personnel. By bombing the portion The Ho Chi Minh trail crossing Laos, U S force dropped more bombs on Laos than they did worldwide during World War II.

On a per capital basis Laos is hence the most heavily bombed nation in history. Especially in Huaphan and Xieng Khouang province, where international teams are still clearing the terrain-unexploded ordinance, people still suffer the legacy of the war

Third Lao People's Revolutionary Party's Executive Committee In the 1975 under the leadership of Laos people's Revolutionary, victory after victory war scored until finally Laos people gained power in a bloodless take-over, establishing the People's Democratic Republic on December 2. It was the culmination of a successful struggle national liberation, and reinstatement of total independence. At present the multi ethnic Laos People are making efforts to defend develop Laos Line with the new policy of the party and government in order to lead the country to progress and prosperity.




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